Filing for bankruptcy2022-01-07T11:29:00+00:00

Financial difficulties

Filing for bankruptcy

An entrepreneur, who may be a private individual, can file for bankruptcy with the court by himself or bankruptcy can be declared by the court at the request of a creditor. A general partnership or a legal entity can apply for insolvency and can be declared insolvent by the court at the request of a creditor. These are two separate procedures and different requirements apply to both procedures.

Bankruptcy applied for by individual

A lawyer is not required to file a declaration of bankruptcy. However, it is wise to consult with an attorney in the phase immediately preceding the decision to file for bankruptcy to determine whether the risks of continuing the business are (too) great or whether quitting is the best option.

If quitting the business is the best option, it should be determined whether filing for bankruptcy is the appropriate course of action as there are other options that are worth considering. A lawyer can also explain the procedure for filing bankruptcy and prepare the business owner for the role of a trustee.

Bankruptcy applied for by a creditor

If a creditor wants to file for the bankruptcy of a debtor, he must instruct a lawyer to do so. The request is sent to the competent court, after which the court summons the debtor.

How to file for bankruptcy by an individual

After filing a self-declaration or after sending a request for bankruptcy to the court, the debtor is heard in a courtsession closed to the public. The court can declare bankruptcy if the debtor is ‘in the stage of not being able to pay’. There must be ‘summary evidence’ of facts or circumstances that the debtor can no longer pay. If the proceedings are instituted at the request of a creditor, summary evidence of the creditor’s right of action is also required.

Finally, the debtor must prove by providing basic evidence that he is unable to pay debs by presenting several unpaid debts (the support claims). By using the word “basice evidence,” the legislature indicates that normal rules of evidence do not apply. A bankruptcy hearing is a short procedure in which there is little room for detailed evidence. The existence of the right of action and the existence of the supporting claim(s) must be shown after a short and simple examination.

LVH Attorneys & Insolvency

The attorneys at our Rotterdam office have extensive experience in filing for bankruptcy and insolvency, and in defending against bankruptcy petitions. In addition, they have experience as bankruptcy trustees themselves.

We will be happy to help you if you are considering filing for bankruptcy, want to file for bankruptcy of a debtor or want to defend against a bankruptcy petition.

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These are our lawyers who are specialized in this area.

Justin de Vries

+31 (0)10 209 27 52

Rob Steenhoek

+31 (0)10 209 27 52

Peter de Graaf

+31(0)10 209 27 52

Client reviews

We have had very good experiences with LVH Advocaten for several years. The firm is characterised by a down-to-earth Rotterdam work mentality combined with excellent business knowledge. In our last cooperation, Mr. R.C. Steenhoek assisted us as an advisor during the settlement of a bankruptcy. Due to his extensive experience as a trustee, Mr. Steenhoek is very knowledgeable in these matters. He is very approachable, knows how to point out important details, thinks many steps ahead and comes up with a clear plan of action. During the settlement of the bankruptcy case with the receiver, Mr. Steenhoek represented us excellently. We are very satisfied with the result achieved and are convinced that without his expertise we would not have been able to handle the case in this way.

P.E. van Erk

In 2019 and 2020, we approached LVH Lawyers for advice on how to end the case in a careful and competent manner. This was resolved in a completely practical manner and within a very short period of time. He always had his full attention for my story. It was settled very neatly. The cooperation was perfect!

I would like to thank Mr Rob Steenhoek for this.

Ton Hameeteman

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