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The battle of forms is where a business enterprise has contracted with another business and both parties claim that their General Terms and Conditions are applicable to the contract that has been entered into. The question is which General Terms and Conditions apply in this instance?
As we all know the UK left the EU with effect from 1 January 2021. How does this affect the transfer and processing of personal data in the UK. The Withdrawal Agreement entered into by the EU and the UK regarding the withdrawal of the UK from the EU sets out a certain transitionary period. This transitional period expired as from 1st July 2021, meaning that the UK is treated as a third country with respect to the transfer and processing of personal date. What does this mean in practice for privacy and data protection?
This article will explain in which way commercial agreements can be terminated under the Dutch Civil Code (DCC). The general rule in the Netherlands is that there is substantial freedom of parties to enter into an agreement.
It may be that your commercial enterprise was still negotiating the terms of a commercial contract and the negotiations did not result in an agreed written contract. At least that is what you thought until you received an invoice.
An important topic in aviation is the reduction of CO2 emmission. Aircraft burn kerosene and therefore emit CO2. Recently, the preliminary relief judge of the District Court of The Hague issued a judgment in the context of CO2 reduction by the Dutch airline KLM and the state aid that KLM received due to the corona pandemic. What conditions for CO2 reduction can be attached to that state aid?
International air traffic has been (partially) stopped for quite some time now. The corona crisis has had an enormous impact on the aviation industry. Restarting air traffic brings with it the necessary challenges in terms of information supply to passengers, the requirements of various governments, but also the requirements for airports and airlines.
The rights of air passengers in case of delay, cancellation or denied boarding are regulated by EU Regulation 261/2004. The Regulation entitles passengers in certain cases to standardized financial compensation of €250, €400 or €600 depending on the flight distance.
This article briefly discusses the consequences of Brexit for the aviation industry. On January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom officially left the European Union (EU). From that moment, a transition period started during which the United Kingdom continued to apply European law. In the meantime, negotiations for a Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TDA) took place.
When transporting cargo or passengers, airlines are faced with several conditions that can cause damage to their aircraft. This damage occurs in most cases when the aircraft is still on the ground. When parked, leaving the gate or taxiing to the runway. But who is liable for this damage and what does an airline have to pay for itself?